• Gyerekmunka
  • Két gyerek
  • Gyerekek a családban
  • Öregek
  • Asszony tánc
  • Asszonyok terménnyel
  • Városkép
  • Tanítás
  • Always on  the road
  • Bare Eyes
  • Black albino
  • Children of Misery
  • Kids of Kenya
  • Maasai Chief
  • Maasai children
  • Maasai village
  • Maasai women
  • Past and the future on her face
  • Smiling in chador
  • The English teacher

"A Millenniumi Fejlesztési Célok és különösen a nyomor és éhezés megszüntetése nem érhetők el, ha nem célozzuk meg nyíltan a népesedés és reproduktív egészség kérdéseit."

Kofi Annan, ENSZ ex-főtitkár (1997-2006)
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Building Commitment to Family Planning

Demographer Elizabeth Leahy Madsen profiles the process of building political commitment in three countries whose governments have made strong investments in family planning.


With more than 400 people per square kilometer, Rwanda has the highest population density rate on the African mainland. However, newly released preliminary data show an unprecedented fertility decline in just a few years, as the Rwandan government gains a reputation as one of the most committed to family planning on the African continent. [read more]


Iran is only one of few countries outside the developed world where fertility rates have declined from more than four children per woman to replacement level in 15 years or less, due to the efforts of government officials and public health experts. [read more]


With both an extensive community outreach program and a centralized government that made family planning a priority, the world’s fourth most populous country is classified among the pioneers of family planning in the developing world.




While the two other countries profiled in this series, Rwanda and Iran, have only reinvigorated their family planning programs within the past 20 years, Indonesia’s story begins in the 1960s. In this respect, the world’s fourth most populous country is classified among the pioneers of family planning in the developing world and has been described as a “world leader” and “one of the developing world’s best.” An extensive community outreach program combined with a centralized government that made family planning a priority were key to Indonesia’s success story.

Jakarta Pilot and Religious Support Motivates National Scale-up

For a decade and a half after the struggle for independence from the Dutch ended in 1949, the government of President Sukarno ruled out any government support for family planning. According to a Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) report, the rate of contraceptive use among married women at the time wasessentially zero. Fertility rose slightly during this period, from an average of 5.5 in the early 1950s to 5.6 children per woman a decade later. However, in 1965, Sukarno was overthrown, and the next year, a military general named Suharto assumed power in an uprising that left as many as half a million people dead

Suharto’s regime would last until 1998. Though he operated with a “heavy hand” amidst personal corruption, Suharto also aggressively pursued economic development and brought about a policy shift towards promoting family planning. Despite initial reservations – Suharto believed that the people would oppose family planning on religious grounds – various domestic and international advisers convinced him otherwise.

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